The house price index (HPI) shows changes in the value of residential properties in England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. With the HPI set at a base of 100 in January 2015, a value of over 100 would mark an increase in the average dwelling price. A value of under 100 points, on the other hand, would indicate that the average price has dropped.
House price index in the UK
Since 2015, dwelling prices in the United Kingdom have risen, reaching their peak of 155.47 index points as of October 2022. After some fluctuation in the beginning the year, potentially due to the end of the stamp duty tax break, house prices continued growing. The upwards trend in the house prices index, and therefore the value of UK residential properties, has also been observed by the Halifax house price index.
Average house prices
Average house prices are affected by several factors. Economic growth, unemployment, interest rates and mortgage availability can all drive them up or down. A shortage of supply means that the need for housing and the competitive market created will push house prices up. An excess of housing, on the other hand, means prices fall to stimulate buyers.